Experts say, “Cyber security isn’t easy, but it comes down to three basic principles – Protect, Detect, and Respond.”
Amid the rising cyber threats, maintaining a healthy cyber security culture is important for organizations.
Cyber security is a broader term that encompasses a variety of technologies and techniques that can be leveraged to create an attack-proof infrastructure.
‘Ethical Hacking’ and ‘Penetration Testing’ are two internal cyber security testing procedures used interchangeably but have their share of differences.
This blog post will help you learn those distinct differences in detail. Also, you will be able to explore how these methods can help businesses strengthen their corporate defense systems.
Let’s get started!
What is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical hacking is like criminal hacking but is performed by a person authorized by the organization to identify areas of improvement. It is an umbrella term for penetration testing. It helps you identify security vulnerabilities in an organization’s system and fix them before they can be found and exploited by cybercriminals.
An ethical hacker is hired by an organization and asked to do mock hacking before their new system or any major update is published.
What is Penetration Testing?
Penetration testing is a subset of all the ethical hacking techniques used. It is a process that helps you determine major security flaws, risks, and unsafe environments.
Penetration testing can be viewed as a method to successfully penetrate and go deeper inside a business system without causing any damage.
Organizations usually hire certified professionals to perform pen tests to examine how strong their cyber security defense system is.
The tester detects vulnerabilities by launching simulated cyber-attacks and analyzing the findings. Post that, appropriate steps can be taken to curb the weak spots. This is a great way to assess the security of an organization’s assets.
How Are Ethical Hacking & Penetration Testing Different From Cyber Security?
Broadly speaking, cyber security and ethical hacking are penetration testing fields. Both of them have an end goal of improving an organization’s security network.
Ethical hacking enables you to locate vulnerabilities and weak points in your business systems, applications, etc. It also helps you learn whether or not your business conforms to the security best practices.
Cyber security is a discipline dedicated to risk mitigation using appropriate methods. Therefore, cyber security will help you remediate the vulnerabilities and weak spots found with the help of ethical hacking and penetration testing.
Ethical hackers try to break into the system with security issues and exploit them. Cyber security, on the other hand, recognizes and resolves potential security issues by creating privileged access to protect against unauthorized access.
Similarly, penetration testing is also a practice covered under ethical hacking that holds significance for cyber security. Here’s why pen testing is a part of cyber security:
1. Penetration testing enables businesses to determine the strengths and weaknesses in their networks and applications. It helps you thoroughly test every application and find out if it is prone to cyber-attacks.
2. An organization can devise security measures that should be taken against the risks and gaps detected in the network.
3. Penetration testing done regularly can help ensure the effective implementation of preventive measures and keep the business systems secure.
4. It can help you discover and fix the new bugs found on the network after some patches or updates are done.
5. Pen testers can help determine how minor vulnerabilities can lead to devastating effects and what can help to defend these loopholes.
Therefore, penetration testing is an important part of cyber security that helps you take the necessary steps at the right time. What’s more, it also helps you prepare in advance to deal with cyber-attacks and keep your data safe.
Summarizing this, we’d say that ethical hacking and penetration testing are crucial parts of cyber security.
They both play a crucial role in the effective identification of security vulnerabilities and threats as well as in building a strong security strategy.