Below are the steps that leads to successful QA:
Preparing Test Cases
Test Cases are detailed steps that test a feature or a part of a feature in an application. Different test cases are prepared to test different modules or functionalities, so that it covers each and every aspect of a particular application and provide standardization.
Test Cases should contain:
- Test Purpose – Functionality including UI interface of the application to be tested.
- Steps – Steps to be executed while testing.
- Expected response and other additional data like list of variables and their values, data files,etc.
Proper documentation should be prepared while executing test cases describing:
- comparison of expected response with actual one
- whether the test case passed or failed
- date and time stamp and
- special comments
Execution of Test Cases
When test cases are executed, a large number of bugs, errors, issues, etc. are encountered. A bug is an unintended mistake done during coding which causes the program to give unexpected results in some cases.
There are various online bug reporting/issue tracking systems available e.g. Bugzilla, Jira, FogBugz, Flyspray etc.
These tracking systems help to:
- Add issues.
- Receive notifications on issue updation or completion.
- Assign people to issues.
- View similar or related issues.
An Effective Bug Report should contain:
- Environment – Browser and Platform.
- Name of the Test Case.
- Type of Severity – Blocker, Critical, Major, Minor, etc.
- Steps that caused the error.
- Screenshots, if required.
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